Generalized Extraction of Real-Time Parameters for Homogeneous Synchronous Dataflow Graphs

Many embedded multi-core systems incorporate both dataflow applications with timing constraints and traditional real-time applications. Applying real-time scheduling techniques on such systems provides real-time guarantees that all running applications will execute safely without violating their deadlines. However, to apply traditional real-time scheduling techniques on such mixed systems, a unified model to represent both types of applications running on the system is required. Several earlier works have addressed this problem and solutions have been proposed that address acyclic graphs, implicit-deadline models or are able to extract timing parameters considering specific scheduling algorithms.

In this paper, we present an algorithm for extracting real-time parameters (offsets, deadlines and periods) that are independent of the schedulability analysis, other applications running in the system, and the specific platform. The proposed algorithm: 1) enables applying traditional real-time schedulers and analysis techniques on cyclic or acyclic Homogeneous Synchronous Dataflow (HSDF) applications with periodic sources, 2) captures overlapping iterations, which is a main characteristic of the execution of dataflow applications, 3) provides a method to assign offsets and individual deadlines for HSDF actors, and 4) is compatible with widely used deadline assignment techniques, such as NORM and PURE. The paper proves the correctness of the proposed algorithm through formal proofs and examples.

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