A Comparative Study of Adaptive Beamforming Techniques in Smart Antenna Using LMS Algorithm and Its Variants

This paper presents a comparative study of beam forming techniques using least mean square (LMS) algorithm and its variants, like, normalized least mean square (NLMS) algorithm and sign least mean square (SLMS) algorithm.

The accuracy of beam generation toward the direction of arrival (DoA) and null generation toward the interferer, depends on the value of step size parameter used in the algorithm. Beam width and side lobe levels (SLL) are also compared for these three algorithms.

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